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Important Current Affairs 10th November 2019

INTERNATIONAL NEWS

INDRA 2019 to be held from December 10-19, An Indo-Russian Joint Tri-Service Exercise

• The first-ever joint tri-service exercise between India and Russia codenamed INDRA 2019 will be conducted from December 10-19.

• Company-sized mechanized contingents, fighter and transport aircraft as well as ships of respective Armies, Air Forces and Navies will participate in this 10-days exercise.

NATIONAL NEWS

India's First Elephant Memorial Opens in UP On Agra-Mathura Highway

• This memorial is a way to honour elephants that lost their lives to illegal trafficking, abuse and cruelty.

• It has been established by NGO, WildLife SOS, at the Elephant Conservation & Care Center, Mathura

NCRB launches Report on ‘Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India’ (ADSI-2016)

• National Crime Records Bureau stated a total of 11,379 people engaged in the farming sector committed suicide in the year 2016. Maharashtra had the highest number of farmer suicide.

• The suicides in the farming sector comprised 8.7 per cent of the total suicides 1,31,008 in the country.

• All-India suicide rate of 10.3 (per lakh of population) in 2016. In cities suicide rate was 13.0.

Railways conducts‘world’s largest’ recruitment exercise for 1.27 lakh vacancies

• The railways has successfully conducted one of the “world’s largest recruitment exercises” wherein 2.4 crore application were received for 1.27 lakh vacancies on critical safety and operational posts, the national transporter said Thursday.

• Two recruitment notifications -- one for Assistant Loco Pilots and technician and the other for Level-I (erstwhile group D) posts -- were released in 2018 for filling up about 1.27 lakh vacancies.

• Total Posts of Assistant Loco Pilots (ALPs) and technicians were 64,371 and about 47.45 lakhs candidates applied for these posts. Vacancies for Level-I posts (erstwhile group D) were 63,202 and around 1.9 crore candidates applied for these posts.

• A total of around 2.4 crore candidates applied, making it the largest recruitment exercise, the railways said.

SPORTS

France Defeats Australia to Win the Fed Cup

• France defeated Australia, 3-2, to claim their first Fed Cup title in 16 years, held in Perth, Australia.

• Fed Cup is an international team competition in women’s tennis.

• Caroline Garcia and Kristina Mladenovic of France surpassed Ashleigh Barty and Samantha Stosur, 6-4, 6-3, winning the deciding doubles match to break the tie.

• This was France’s third Fed Cup title and first since they beat the United States in 2003.

• However, Australia has till date lost all nine of the last Fed Cup finals they have appeared in.

Kento Momota Defends Fuzhou China Open Badminton Title of 2019

• Japan’s World number one Kento Momota defeated Chou Tien-Chen of Taiwan to win 2019 Fuzhou China Open men’s single badminton title.

• With this win, he claimed his 10th title of the year 2019.

• In women’s single, Home hope Chen Yufei claimed victory over Japan’s Nozomi Okuhara to win the title.

Shafali Verma youngest Indian to score international fifty

• The 15-year-old Shafali Verma has created history as she became the youngest Indian cricketer to score a half-century in international cricket, surpassing Sachin Tendulkar’s 30-year-old record.

• Shafali achieved the feat while playing T20 International against West Indies at the Daren Sammy National Cricket Stadium.

• She scored 73 off 49 balls to reach her maiden fifty at the age of 15 years and 285 days.

• The batting legend Tendulkar scored his maiden Test fifty at 16 years and 214 days.

DAYS

November 9,  National Legal Services Day

• The 9th of November is selected as the Legal Services Day which was first started by the Supreme Court in the year 1995 all across the India

• it offer help and support to the weaker and poor group of sections of people which may be women, disabled persons, Scheduled Tribes, children, Scheduled Castes, human trafficking victims as well as natural calamities victims.

• The day is observed to commemorate the day when the Legal Services Authorities Act 1987 came into effect, the same year.

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Important Current Affairs 9th October 2019

National

Temple to be built on Ayodhya disputed land, alternative land for mosque: SC rules

• The 5 judge bench of Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice of India, Ranjan Gogoi has given its verdict on Ayodhya Ram Temple case (Rām Janmabhoomi – Bābrī Masjid Land Title Dispute) on November 09, 2019. Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer were the other 4 members of the bench and the decision passed by the bench was in agreement in 5-0 ratio.

• The decision by the Supreme Court is mentioned below:

• Supreme Court has cleared the way for the construction of a Ram Temple at the disputed site (area of 2.77 acres) and has given three months time to Central Government to set up a board of trustees for construction of the temple (Ram Temple) at the disputed structure.

• The bench also ruled that the Hindu organisation Nirmohi Akhara would not be the shebait, but would instead get to be a member of the trust.

•  SC has directed Centre for arrangement of suitable alternative plot of land measuring 5 acres at Ayodhya for Sunni Waqf Board (for Mosque).

• It must be noted that in 2010, Allahabad High Court had divided the 2.77 acres of disputed land in 3 part. 1⁄3 going to the Ram Lalla or Infant Rama represented by the Hindu Maha Sabha, 1⁄3 going to the Sunni Waqf Board and the remaining 1⁄3 going to Nirmohi Akhara. However, now the SC bench has declared it invalid.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has formally inaugurated the Integrated Check Post of the Kartarpur Corridor.

• PM inaugurates Integrated Check Post and flags off 1st batch of pilgrims at Kartarpur Sahib corridor

• Kartarpur Sahib Corridor is a 4.7 kilometre long passage that connects Dera Baba Nanak Sahib in India’s Gurdaspur and Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Pakistan’s Kartarpur.

• The corridor will facilitate visa-free movement but Indian pilgrims are required to carry their passports and will have to just obtain a permit to visit Kartarpur Sahib Gurdwara (Pakistan) , which was established by Guru Nanak Dev in 1522.

Indian Railways launches three online applications for all-India rollout to strengthen IT enablement of railways

• Indian Railways has launched three applications for all-India roll out to strengthen its IT-enabled services which will help ensure proper monitoring of projects being undertaken by Railways.

• The applications, namely CRS Sanction Management System, Rail-road crossing GAD approval system and TMS for construction aim at beefing up IT-enabled services

APPOINTMENTS

Google India appoints former Star and Disney head Sanjay Gupta as new Country Manager

• Former managing director of Disney, Sanjay Gupta has now been appointed as the country manager and vice president of Sales and Operations of Google India.

• Gupta will take on the role starting next year and will be based in Mumbai. He will work with the teams based in Gurgaon, Hyderabad and Bengaluru.

• Gupta will be replacing Rajan Anandan, who left the company earlier this year to join Sequoia Capital India.

Banking and Economy

Nomura slashes India's FY20 GDP forecast to 4.9% from 5.7% earlier

• Japanese brokerage firm Nomura has cut its GDP forecast for India to 4.9 percent for FY20 from 5.7 percent earlier.

• For 2020-21 (FY21) Nomura has predicted India’s GDP Growth rate at 6.1%.

Exim Bank gives USD 30 mn line of credit to Ghana

• The Export-Import (Exim) Bank has granted USD 30 million line of credit (LoC) (about Rs 210 crore) to Ghana for potable water project in the country.

• This LoC (soft loan or loan with low interest rate) will be used for financing rehabilitation and up-gradation of potable water system in Yendi.

INTERNATIONAL

Dubai to host World Tolerance Summit with the participation of world peace leaders

• A two-day ‘World Tolerance Summit’ will be held in Dubai, UAE on November 13 and 14, 2019.

• Mathematician Anand Kumar of Super 30 has been invited to address this summit.

• The summit is an initiative of the International Institute for Tolerance, as part of UAE’s Prime Minister and ruler Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum’s global drive.

• Theme: “Tolerance in Multiculturalism: Achieving the Social, Economic and Humane Benefits of a Tolerant World”

Sports

India to host 2023 Men’s Hockey World Cup

• After successfully hosting the 2018 men's hockey World Cup, India will once again stage the 2023 edition of the tournament

• India will become the first country to host consecutive World Cups after being awarded the hosting rights for the men’s 2023 edition.

• The International Hockey Federation (FIH) announced the decision on Friday following recommendations of a Task Force formed to assess the bids for the same. While the men’s event would be held from January 13-29, 2023.

• Spain and the Netherlands have been named as the co-hosts of the 2022 Women’s World Cup scheduled to be held from 1st to 22nd of July.

OBITUARY

Sahitya Akademi awardee writer Nabaneeta Dev Sen passes away

• The renowned Indian poet, novelist and academic and the recipient of the prestigious Sahitya Akademi award, Nabaneeta Dev Sen, passed away. She was 81.

• Dev Sen won the Sahitya Akademi award in 1999 for her book ‘Naba-Nita’. She was also the recipient of the Padma Shri in 2000.

• She was the former wife of Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen.

SUMMITS AND MOU’S

PM Modi to visit Brazil for BRICS summit

• Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be on a two-day visit to Brazil from the 13th of this month to attend the 11th BRICS Summit in Brasilia. The theme of the Summit this year is "Economic Growth for an Innovative Future”.

• Briefing media in New Delhi, Secretary, Economic Relations in the Ministry of External Affairs, TS Tirumurti, said this will be the sixth time that Mr Modi participates in the BRICS Summit. His first BRICS Summit was at Fortaleza in Brazil in 2014.

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Important Current Affairs 8th October 2019

National

India to host 'No Money For Terror' meet in 2020

• India will next year host the conference of the “No Money For Terror”, the ministerial-level grouping of 70 countries that focuses on countering terror financing, terror and radicalisation.

• The group, set up in 2018, is a much smaller version of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) that has a single-point agenda to crack down on terror financing.

• Minister of State for Home Affairs, G Kishan Reddy, made the announcement at the ongoing 2nd ‘No Money For Terror’ Conference in Melbourne

• The first “No Money for Terror” conference was held in France.

Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu inaugurates 10th Asian Conference of Emergency Medicine

• Inaugurating 10th Asian Conference of Emergency Medicine in New Delhi, Mr Naidu said, there is a need to develop programs and manuals to train citizens in emergency first aid procedures such as Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation as it will help in saving a life while waiting for emergency services. He also stressed on the need to invest in providing timely and high- quality Emergency Health Services in India.

• The Vice President expressed happiness that the Government of India has made it mandatory for all medical college hospitals to have full-fledged Emergency Departments by 2022 with an aim to improve trauma care. He stressed on the need to include Emergency medicine and trauma care in the curriculum of Undergraduate courses. He added that Medical students must be trained to deal with the whole gamut of situations relating to emergency medicine

India, Indonesia Hold Joint Naval Exercise "Samudra Shakti" In Bay Of Bengal

• INS Kamorta, an Anti-Submarine Warfare Corvette is jointly exercising with Indonesian Warship KRI Usman Harun, a multi- role Corvette in the Bay of Bengal as part of the ongoing Indian Navy – Indonesian Navy Bilateral Exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’

• The joint exercises include manoeuvres, Surface Warfare exercises, Air Defence exercises, Weapon firing drills, Helicopter Operations and Boarding Operations.

West Bengal based writer Abhisek Sarkar wins award at Dhaka Lit-fest

• The ninth edition of the Dhaka Lit-fest started with a galaxy of writers and book lovers thronging the venue ground at the Bangla Academy.

• Over the three day of the festival 200 speakers, performers and thinkers, will take part in discussions on diverse topics.

• The special focus of this year’s lit-fest is on Indigenous Languages as the UNESCO has marked 2019 as the year of Indigenous Language Protection.

• Iconic Bangla author Shankar is the festival highlight of Bangla literature this year.

• On the first day of the event, West Bengal-based writer Abhisek Sarkar and Bangladeshi poet Rofiquzzaman Rony were given the Gemcon Young Literature Award and Gemcon Young Poetry Award.

• Abhisek and Rofiquzzaman won the awards for their manuscripts, “Nishiddho” and “Dhoashar Tamate Rong,” respectively.

Rajasthan Patrika group chairman Gulab Kothari to be awarded Raja Ram Mohan Roy Award by PCI

• Rajasthan Patrika group chairman Gulab Kothari has been chosen for the prestigious Raja Ram Mohan Roy Award, presented by the Press Council of India, for his outstanding contribution towards journalism

• The award will be presented on November 16 on the occasion of the National Press Day.

Women’s boxing icon Adams retires due to medical advice

• Two-time Olympic champion Nicola Adams, regarded as the pathfinder for women’s boxing, is to retire because of fears about her sight.

• The 37-year-old, who became the first ever women’s Olympic boxing champion at London 2012 when she took the flyweight crown, said she was abandoning her hopes of winning a third gold next year in Tokyo.

• Adams, who successfully defended her title in Rio, had embarked on a successful professional career and in 2018, within 18 months of doing so, had won a world title — the vacant WBO flyweight belt.

Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan re-elected as President of UAE

• The UAE’s Supreme Council of the Union has re-elected His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan as its President for a fourth five-year term, in accordance with the provisions of the UAE Constitution.

• Shaikh Khalifa was first elected President on November 3, 2004 following the death of his father Shaikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan.

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Important Current Affairs 7th October 2019

National

PM Modi inaugurates Global Investors’ Meet in Himachal, pushes for investment

• Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the two-day Himachal Global Investors Meet in Dharamshala and made a pitch for investment and self employment.

• “Earlier, investors’ summit like these used to happen in just few cities in the country. The situation has changed today. Every state today is competing to attract business and investment,” he said at the event held in Dharamshala.

• The prime minister said that the rise in competition among states will help Indian industry grow at the global level.

ADB to give $451 mn for Chennai-Kanyakumari Industrial Corridor power links

• The Asian Development Bank said it will provide a $451 million (about Rs 3,200 crore) loan to strengthen power connectivity between the southern and northern parts of the Chennai-Kanyakumari Industrial Corridor (CKIC) in Tamil Nadu.

• The total cost of the project is $653.5 million, of which the government will provide $202.5 million, the Manila- headquartered multilateral agency said in a release.

• The estimated completion date is the end of 2024.

• ADB has been assisting in developing CKIC, which covers 23 of the state’s 32 districts and 70 per cent of the state population.

Odisha government signs pact with Tata Strive, Tech Mahindra for skill upgradation

• The Odisha state government signed agreements with Tata Strive and Tech Mahindra to add new dimensions in skilling and employability of the youth.

• The agreement between Directorate of Technical Education and Training and Tata Strive is aimed at imparting life skills to the students of all 49 government Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) in the state.

• The pact between Tech Mahindra and the Biju Patnaik University of Technology will see setting up of a centre for excellence in artificial intelligence and machine learning.

• It will work on the proof of concept for real-life business problems to keep up with the market demand and enhance employability of engineering students.

• Tech Mahindra and the Odisha Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation will also set up international business processing outsourcing (BPO) operations for Fortune 500 customers.

Sports

Asian Shooting Championships: Manu Bhaker Shoots Gold After Deepak Kumar Bags Olympic Quota

• Deepak Kumar secured India’s 10th Olympic quota in shooting while Manu Bhaker claimed the women’s 10m air pistol gold medal in the 14th Asian Championship.

• Deepak won bronze medal in men’s 10m air rifle on the opening day of the championship.

• China’s Qian wang and Ranxin Jiang won the silver and bronze respectively in Bhaker’s event.

• The Indian trio claimed the team bronze with a total of 1731, behind Korea and China respectively.

International

China is world’s worst abuser of internet freedom: Freedom on Net 2019 report

• China was ranked as the world’s worst abuser of internet freedom for the fourth consecutive year and Pakistan was declared as ‘not free’ in terms of internet freedom status for the ninth consecutive year in the Freedom on the Net (FoTN) report 2019.

• The Freedom on the Net report 2019 titled ‘The Crisis of Social Media’ was released by an international internet watchdog, the Freedom House on November 5, 2019. The report recorded an overall decline in global internet freedom status between July 2018 and May 2019.

• India was given an overall score of 55 in the report and the internet freedom status in the country was reported to be ‘partly free’.

Appointment

Arvind Singh takes over as Airport Authority of India Chairman

• Arvind Singh, a 1988-batch IAS officer of Maharashtra cadre took charge as the chairman of the Airports Authority of India (AAI).

• Singh replaces Anuj Aggarwal, who had earlier been with the additional charge of AAI chairman

• The AAI, which comes under the Ministry of Civil Aviation, owns and manages more than 100 airports across the country.

• Prior to this appointment, Singh was the additional chief secretary (Energy) of Maharashtra government.

• He also worked as chairman and managing director of Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited and Maharashtra State Electricity Transmission Company Limited.

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Important Current Affairs 6th October 2019

National

Narendra Modi to inaugurate 5th India International Science Festival in Kolkata

• Narendra Modi will inaugurate fifth India International Science Festival at 4 pm on Tuesday and address a gathering in Kolkata through video conferencing

• IISF is an annual event organised jointly by science and technology-related ministries and departments of Indian government, Vijnana Bharati (Vibha), which is being held in Kolkata this year

• This is the fifth edition since its inception in 2015.

Agriculture Minister releases 5th edition of Wastelands Atlas - 2019

• Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar today released the fifth edition of Wastelands Atlas - 2019. The Atlas, published jointly by Department of Land Resources and National Remote Sensing Centre,  provides robust geospatial information on wasteland. It is helpful in rolling back the wastelands for productive use through various land development programmes and schemes.

• Wastelands Atlas-2019 also provides State and district wise distribution of different categories of wastelands area in the country and will be helpful in addressing land degradation.

IBM partners with govt to launch platform for skilling students

• Tech giant IBM announced launch of SkillsBuild platform in collaboration with the Directorate General of Training under the aegis of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE).

• As part of the programme, a two-year advanced diploma in information technology (IT), networking and cloud computing will be offered at the Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and the National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs).

• The platform will also be extended to train ITI and NSTI faculty in artificial intelligence (AI) skills.

• SkillsBuild offers digital learning content from IBM and partners, like CodeDoor, Coorpacademy and Skillsoft.

Finance Minister launches IT initiatives ICEDASH, ATITHI

Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, Smt Nirmala Sitharaman unveiled two new IT initiatives – ICEDASH and ATITHI – for improved monitoring and pace of Customs clearance of imported goods and facilitating arriving international passengers by electronic filing of Customs baggage and currency declarations.

Awards

Serbia’s Sara Damnjanovic wins “Miss Asia Global title 2019”

The 5th Edition of ‘Miss Asia Global Title 2019’ was organized at Gokulam Convention centre in Kochi, Kerala. Sara Damnjanovic from Serbia has been crowned ‘Miss Asia Global 2019’. The title is given to the winner from the Asian region. Nguyen Thi Yen Trang from Vietnam was awarded the Miss Asia title given to the winner from the rest of the world. Samiksha Singh from India won the sub-title of ‘Miss Beautiful Face’ Title. The Next ‘Miss Asia Global Title 2020’ will be held in Malaysia.

Science & Technology

India’s first global Mega Science Exhibition ‘Vigyan Samagam’ in Kolkata

• Bringing the world’s major Mega Science projects together, India’s first-ever global Mega-Science exhibition, ‘Vigyan Samagam’, was inaugurated at the Science City in Kolkata

• The Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare, Minister of Science & Technology and Minister of Earth Sciences, Government of India, Dr Harsh Vardhan, addressed the gathering through video conference.

• This multi-venue Science Exhibition, after its successful journey in Mumbai and Bengaluru, is now open for public in Kolkata.

• Vigyan Samagam will be in Kolkata till December 31, 2019.

• The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Department of Science and Technology (DST), the funding agencies of these projects and the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of Culture, who are venue partners and having expertise in design and hosting such exhibitions, have joined hands to organize this prestigious Science Exhibition.

Obituary

N.V. Balasubramanian Retired Judge of Madras High Court Passes Away

• Justice N.V. Balasubramanian, retired Judge of Madras High Court passed away.

• He served as the Madras High Court judge from 1996 – 2007 & as the Chairman of committees on fixation of fee for self- financing professional colleges and polytechnics after retiring from service.

• He worked as senior counsel & arbitrator in Supreme Court (SC) of India for 11 years.

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Important Current Affairs 4th November 2019

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Manoj Pande appointed as Member Staff, Railway Board

-Shri Manoj Pande, Indian Railways Personnel Service (IRPS) has taken over as Member Staff, Railway Board and ex-officio Secretary on 2 November 2019.

-Manoj Pande is a Post Graduate in Economics from Delhi School of Economics, MBA, L.L.B. and holds a Diploma in Russian language from JNU. He has written several articles on Railway Heritage and History.  He was the winner of Rs.50 lakhs in the KBC 2007.

Shri Manoj Pande has held various positions with Central Railway and in Diesel Locomotive Works, Western Railway, West Central Railway, South Central Railway, and South Eastern Railway.  He served as the Principal Chief Personnel Officer for over 12 years in West Central Railway, South Central Railway and South Eastern Railway. In January 2017, he served as the Executive Director/Advisor (Training & MPP) in Railway Board.

IFFCO introduced Indias first Nanotechnology based fertilizers for on field trials

-The Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) introduced its Nano-technology based product range for on-field trials.

- It was launched at a function held in Kalol, Gujarat. The Nano-tech product includes Nano Nitrogen, Nano Zinc, Nano Copper.

The nano products were researched and developed at the IFFCO Nano Biotechnology Research Centre (NBRC) at Kalol Unit. It has been identified that these nanostructured formulations effectively deliver nutrients to the plants.

-The products aim to improve soil health, reduce emission greenhouse gases. It will also ensure up to a 15-30% increase in crop production and reduce the requirement of conventional chemical fertilizer by 50%. The move is in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision for doubling the farmer’s income by 2022.

SCO   joint exercise on urban earthquake is to be held from 4 to 7 November

The Union home minister Amit Shah is to inaugurate the four-day Shanghai Cooperation  Organisation (SCO) joint exercise on urban earthquake search and rescue on 4 November. The exercise is hosted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). The exercise will be held from 4 November to 7 November 2019.

MV Maheshwari container cargo to sail on National Waterway 2, Brahmaputra

A container cargo consignment vessel MV Maheshwari is to sail on inland waterways from Haldia Dock Complex (HDC) to the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) terminal at Pandu in Guwahati on 4 November 2019. The move is to implement the Centre's focus on improving connectivity to the North Eastern Region (NER). It aims to enhance connectivity through the inland waterways across India. The container cargo vessel carrying a consignment of 53 Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units (TEUs).

Shripad Yesso Naik inaugurated National Research Institute of Unani Medicine for Skin Disorders

Ministry of AYUSH launched the National Research Institute of Unani Medicine for Skin Disorders (NRIUMSD), which was upgraded from the Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine (CRIUM) at Erragadda, Hyderabad. CRUIUM was inaugurated by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH Shri Shripad Yesso Naik The CRIUM proved its success in the treatment of vitiligo and other chronic and stubborn diseases.

The Election Commission of India

The Election Commission of India (ECI) appointed Shri B Murali Kumar as Special Expenditure Observer for the Legislative Assembly election of Jharkhand.

 Vigyanika to showcase Science Book Fair at IISF

Vigyanika is to showcase science communication efforts and concepts through drama, poetry, panel discussions, and paper presentations at the 5th India International Science Festival (IISF).   Vigyanika: Vigyanika is an International Science Literature Festival that has been scheduled to be held from 5-7 November 2019.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

- Indian to invite Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro

 The Central government is to invite Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro as the chief guest to the Republic Day celebrations 2020.  India aims to expand its outreach to South America. India and Brazil are aiming to finalize Bolsonaro's maiden trip to India as President. If finalized, Bolsonaro would be the third Brazilian President to be invited for Republic Day celebrations.

- Commonwealth Law Ministers’ Conference 2019

The biennial Commonwealth Law Ministers’ Conference is being held in Colombo, Sri Lanka from 4-7 November 2019. India will be represented at the conference by Union Minister for Law and Justice Ravi Shankar Prasad.

PM Modi meets Indonesian President and Thailand PM

• The leaders welcomed the 20% increase in the bilateral trade between the countries

• They agreed to explore opportunities for cooperation in defence industries sector

• PM Modi discussed ways to enhance connectivity between the two countries in the areas of digital connectivity and physical connectivity.

• India and Thailand are close maritime neighbors. India’s Act East Policy is complimented by the Thailand’s Look West Policy as that of Indonesia.

The meeting also gains its importance as India and Indonesia are celebrating their 70th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations. The countries are close maritime neighbors having historical and cultural linkages. Also India’s ‘Act East Policy’ is complimented by Indonesia’s ‘Look West’ policy.

Awards and Recognition

Madhuri Vijay won the 2019 JCB Prize for Literature

Madhuri Vijay won the 2019 JCB Prize for Literature for her novel The Far Field. Sir Mark Tully announced the winner in a live broadcast on social media.

SPORTS AFFAIRS

Ashleigh Barty claimed the 2019 WTA Finals in China

Australian tennis player and world number one Ashleigh Barty claimed the 2019 WTA Finals in China. She defeated Elina Svitolina of Ukraine and smashed the title. She has claimed the record-breaking prize money of $4.42 million. The prize money is considered as the biggest ever amount in men's or women's tennis. She secured 6-4, 6-3, to claim the prestigious 2019 WTA Finals title

Novak Djokovic won the Paris Masters 2019 title

Novak Djokovic won the Paris Masters 2019 title. He won the title for the fifth time. He sealed his 34th Master's title and fifth overall ATP victory of the year 2019. He defeated Canada's Denis Shapovalov. He secured 6-3 6-4 to win the title.

McDonald's ousts CEO over consensual relationship with employee

McDonald’s chief executive officer has been pushed out of the company after violating company policy by engaging in a consensual relationship with an employee.

Pakistan embassy in Kabul closes visa section amid tensions

Closure of the visa section will come as a huge blow for many Afghans, hundreds of whom apply daily for permits to travel to Pakistan where they seek medical treatment, goods and university educations.

Pakistan’s embassy in Kabul said Sunday it was indefinitely closing its consular office in the Afghan capital due to security reasons, amid mounting tensions between the neighbouring countries.

Closure of the visa section will come as a huge blow for many Afghans, hundreds of whom apply daily for permits to travel to Pakistan where they seek medical treatment, goods and university educations.

IMPORTANT DAYS

-In 1493, 4th November Christopher Columbus   discovered Guadeloupe during his second expedition.

Guadeloupe, a French overseas region, is an island group in the southern Caribbean Sea. Resembling a butterfly, its 2 largest islands are separated by the Salée River. Hilly Grande-Terre Island has long beaches and sugarcane fields.

-First Football Stadium

In 1904, 4th November Havard stadium become the first stadium specifically for football.

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Important Current Affairs 3rd November 2019

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

-Kartarpur ready to welcome Sikh pilgrims for 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev, says Pak PM Imran Khan

The two countries have decided that 5,000 pilgrims can visit the shrine everyday and that additional pilgrims will be allowed on special occasions, subject to capacity expansion of facilities by the Pakistani side.

Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan on Sunday shared some of the dazzling pictures of the Kartarpur complex and Gurdwara Darbar Sahib, saying the revered venue is ready to welcome the Sikh pilgrims for the 550th birth anniversary celebrations of Guru Nanak Dev.

Inauguration of the Kartarpur corridor on November 9.

-PM Modi attends India-Asean Summit; meets Thai, Indonesian leaders

PM Modi is in Thailand on a three-day visit during which he will participate in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), East Asia, and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) summits.

The PM arrived in the Thai capital Bangkok on Saturday on a on a three-day visit during which he will also attend the 14th East Asia Summit, the third summit meeting of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and hold bilateral meetings with various world leaders.

The prime minister’s visit comes in the midst of renewed diplomatic efforts to convince New Delhi to support signing of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), a mega trade deal involving 16 Asia-Pacific nations to facilitate creation of the biggest free-trade region in the world.

-Odisha plans social registry to weed out ghost beneficiaries of social welfare schemes

Officials said the idea behind the social registry is to improve the coverage, adequacy, effectiveness and efficiency of government schemes in the state as the current mix of social protection schemes remain fragmented.

- Odisha lokayukta serves notice to 6 officials for misappropriation of fund for Nagada

Nagada, a group of three villages, was in news in 2016 when the tribal children died of malnourishment and diseases prompting chief minister Naveen Patnaik to form a task force for the development of the area.

The Odisha Lokayukta has served notice to six government officials in Jajpur district over allegations of misappropriation of government funds meant for hunger hotspot Nagada, where 19 tribal children had died of malnutrition and other diseases in 2016.

Sources in the Lokayukta office said notices have been served to project director of Jajpur District Rural Development Agency, block development officer of Sukinda, Jajpur town executive engineer (Rural Development-1), executive engineer (electrical) Dhabalgiri, executive engineer (rural water supply and sanitation) and Jajpur district social welfare officer.

 Women Help Desks (WHDs)

-Centre is to set up Women Help Desks (WHDs) in ten thousand police stations and for Anti-Human-Trafficking-Units (AHTUs) in the remaining districts of India. The cost to be allocated for the implementation is Rs.100 crores each. The funding out will be of the Nirbhaya Fund.

Proposal: The proposal for the implementation of the project was initiated by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. It pursued the project with the Ministry of Home AffairS.

Safdarjang Hospital

-Safdarjang Hospital (SJH) is one of the biggest tertiary care referral centre of India. It functions under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. SJH caters to all poor patients of uro-oncological cancers like kidney, bladder cancers, prostate, and kidney failures across India. SJH is the first Central Government hospital in India to start this latest Robot Surgery facility. The hospital provides treatment for all poor patients for free.

- India, Uzbekistan to sign MoUs for military medicine and military education

India and Uzbekistan are planning to sign two memorandum of understanding (MOUs) concerning military medicine and military education. The 2 MoUs were signed during the three-day visit of the Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to Uzbekistan, the Central Asian nation.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

-N.Korea test fired new multiple rocket launcher

North Korea conducted its third test-firing of a new super-large multiple rocket launcher. It has the ability to destroy enemy targets in surprise attacks. The North previously tested the system in August and September 2019. The two projectiles were launched from an area near Pyongyang, the North Korean capital. The missiles travelled more than 321 kilometers cross-country and landed in the waters of the North’s eastern coast. It is expected that North Korea will continue to ramp up weapons demonstrations before the deadline set by N.Korean leader Kim Jong Un for the US. Kim Jong Un offered the US a mutually acceptable terms to salvage fragile diplomacy strained by disagreements over exchanging sanctions relief and disarmament steps.

The 8th meeting of the Indo-German Energy Forum (IGEF) was concluded on 1 November 2019 in New Delhi

- The 8th meeting of the Indo-German Energy Forum (IGEF) was concluded on 1 November 2019 in New Delhi. IGEF was co-chaired by Mr. Sanjiv Nandan Sahai, Secretary of Ministry of Power from the Indian side and Mr. Christian Hirte, Secretary of State, Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy, Germany. The Forum finalized the roadmap for future collaboration between the two countries, including the Flexibilisation of existing coal-fired power plants.

IMPORTANT EVENTS

1957 - Space -- Dog In Space

1957 : A dog was launched into orbit today as the first animal in space on board Sputnik 2, a Russian spacecraft, and became the first living animal to enter the Earth's orbit.

1957 - Space -- Dog In Space

1957 : A dog was launched into orbit today as the first animal in space on board Sputnik 2, a Russian spacecraft, and became the first living animal to enter the Earth's orbit.

1913 U.S.A. -- First Income Tax

The first American citizens receive information over the new national income tax. A married man living with his wife, who is in receipt of an income of $5,000 pays $10 a year and if his income is $10,000 he pays $60 per year.

2004 - U.S.A. - - George W Bush

2004 : George W Bush is elected president of the United States for a second term of office.

2011 - Cuba - - Cuba Allows Private Home Sales

2011 : The Cuban government has passed a law that allows citizens and permanent residents to buy and sell homes privately for the first time since 1959, marking an important milestone in free-market reform.

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Important Current Affairs 2nd November 2019

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

-PM Modi arrives in Bangkok on three-day visit amid focus on RCEP negotiations

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend 16th ASEAN-India Summit, the 14th East Asia Summit and the third summit meeting of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) which is negotiating the trade deal.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived here on Saturday on a three-day visit in the midst of renewed diplomatic efforts to convince India to support signing of a mega trade deal involving 16 Asia-Pacific nations to facilitate creation of the biggest free-trade region in the world.

-Working on Vikram Lander’s second landing on Moon’s south pole, says ISRO chief

The Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) chief, Kailasavadivoo Sivan on Saturday weighed in on the second landing attempt of Vikram lander on Moon’s south pole, after the first could not find success.

Replying to media’s query if ISRO would attempt another landing on Moon’s south pole, Sivan replied, “Definitely”.

-Delhi’s Dwarka metro station, being visited by Angela Merkel today, has a German link

When German Chancellor Angela Merkel visits the Dwarka Sector 21 metro station on Saturday morning, there would be a deep German connection to the station -- it has photo voltaic panels on the roof built with the cooperation of a German enterprise.

Power generated by the 500-kWp ‘Roof-Top Solar Power Plant’ in the station is used to meet its requirements.

The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) and the German government-owned not-for-profit enterprise GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit) set up the solar plant under the Renewable Energy Service (RESCO) model.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

-Pakistanis feel inflation, not Kashmir, is biggest problem facing them

The study, which was published by Gallup and Gilani Pakistan on Tuesday, said 53% of respondents believe the country’s economy, specifically increasing inflation, is the biggest problem facing the country.

Worries of inflation is followed by unemployment (23%), the Kashmir issue (8%), corruption (4%) and water crisis (4%), the survey has said.

-Thai king creates boot camp-style unity courses, officers to train in community service, loyalty to monarchy

As part of the programme, civil servants, police and teachers will get intensive training in community service and loyalty to the monarchy, according to the Thai Royal Palace.

-US opens national security investigation into TikTok

While the $1 billion acquisition of Musical.ly was completed two years ago, US lawmakers have been calling in recent weeks for a national security probe into TikTok, concerned the Chinese company may be censoring politically sensitive content, and raising questions about how it stores personal data.

- Donald Trump announces new acting US homeland security chief

Homeland Security is the third-largest department in the US government, overseeing a number of agencies including the Coast Guard, Secret Service and FEMA, which handles disaster preparedness, coordination and support.

US President Donald Trump announced Friday that a senior department official, Chad Wolf, would become the nation’s new acting homeland security chief, a role at the center of his crackdown on undocumented immigration.

SPORTS AFFAIRS

-Barcelona Players Offered To Alter Contracts To Re-Sign Neymar

 Gerard Pique has said Barcelona players offered to alter their own contracts to help the club buy Neymar from Paris Saint-Germain last summer. Barca attempted to re-sign Neymar, sold to PSG for a world record 222 million euros ($249 million) in 2017, but the two teams were unable to agree a deal. Key players, including Lionel Messi, were eager for the Brazilian to return and Pique says they tried to help the club's president, Josep Maria Bartomeu, complete the transfer while satisfying UEFA's Financial Fair Play rules.

- Lewis Hamilton Tops Charts In United States Grand Prix 2nd Practice As Sixth World Title Beckons

Lewis Hamilton needs only to finish in the top eight at the United States Grand Prix to be champion even if his Mercedes team-mate Valtteri Bottas wins the race.

           

Important Dates and Events

-2 November - All Souls' Day

-1698 Scottish settlers make landfall in Panama, establishing the ill-fated 'Darien Venture' colony.

-1749 English Ohio Trade Company forms first trading post

-676 Donus begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Pope Adeodatus II

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Important Current Affairs 1st November 2019

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

-Jharkhand assembly polls to be held in 5-phase from November 30, results on December 23

Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora on Friday announced the dates for the Jharkhand Assembly elections. He said elections in Jharkhand will be held in five phases, which will start from November 30 and results will be declared on December 23.

-DGCA tells IndiGo to replace faulty engines on all Airbus A320neo planes by Jan 31 at all costs

The Directorate General of Civil Aviation has ordered IndiGo to make sure that its fleet of 97 Airbus A320neo aircraft have modified versions of P&W engines by January 31, failing which they will be grounded.

- India, Germany to intensify cooperation in combating terror

India and Germany have resolved to intensify bilateral and multilateral cooperation to deal with the threats of terrorism and extremism, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Friday after holding wide-raging talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

After the two leaders co-chaired the fifth Inter-Governmental Consultations, India and Germany signed five joint declarations of intent and inked 11 pacts in fields such as space, civil aviation, maritime technology, medicine and education.

- Audi India cuts SUV Q5, Q7 prices by up to Rs 6 lakh for limited period

Under the 'limited period celebratory price' offer, the Audi Q5 in both petrol and diesel options will be tagged at Rs 49.99 lakh as against the current price of Rs 55.8 lakh, Audi India said in a statement. The Q7 petrol version will cost Rs 4.83 lakh less at Rs 68.99 lakh under the offer as compared to the existing price of Rs 73.82 lakh.

- This on-demand fuel pump is making deliveries, one doorstep at a time

Neogi Technologies and Research Private Limited is an enterprise that manufactures mobile fuel dispensing units enabling door-to-door delivery of diesel, kerosene, bio-diesel, lubricating oil, etc

IMPORTANT DATES AND EVENTS

DATES

1 November - World Vegan Day

1 November - All Saints' Day

-Significance of 1st November - After India's independence, several linguistic groups in the country demanded statehood resulting in the establishment of the States Reorganisation Commission in 1953 which led to the formation of states like Haryana, Punjab, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.

1st November 1956: Delhi became a territory of the Indian Union

On November 1, 1956, another important chapter was added to the grand old story of Delhi when it became a union territory of the Indian Union.

EVENTS

-1 Nov, 1993 - Europe - Maastricht Treaty

1993 : The Maastricht Treaty formally starts, establishing the European Union (EU). By 1993, 12 nations had ratified the Maastricht Treaty on European Union: Great Britain, France, Germany, the Irish Republic, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Denmark, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

1935 - Canada - Earthquake

Northern Canada was shaken by a violent earthquake. The center of this earthquake was detected to have been just north of Lake Ontario. In all, this quake had been felt in three Canadian provinces as well as in 17 states of the United States. It was thought to be one of the worst in history that has occurred in this region.

1952 - U.S.A. - Hydrogen Bomb

The United States detonates the world's first thermonuclear weapon, the hydrogen bomb, on Eniwetok atoll in the Pacific.

1957 - U.S.A. - Mackinac Bridge

The Mackinac suspension bridge opens connecting Mackinaw City and St. Ignace connecting the non-contiguous Upper and Lower peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan. It becomes the longest suspension bridge between anchorages in the Western hemisphere.

1982 - U.S.A. - Honda

Honda opens the first car manufacturing company factory to produce Japanese cars ( Honda Accord ) in the United States at Marysville, Ohio.

2007 - United States - Tesco opens its first Quick and Easy in America

Tesco, the UK's leading food retailer, begins opening its Fresh and Easy outlets in the US. It had over sixty stores, including thirty in southern California, by April 1, 2008. There were 168 stores as of September 22nd, 2010, which are based in California, Arizona, and Nevada.

2013 - Germany - Germany to Allow Third Gender

Germany is the first European country to allow parents of babies who are born with characteristics of both sexes to leave the gender line on birth certificates blank. This was done to alleviate pressure over choosing a gender and performing surgery on intersex newborns that could cause physical and emotional harm throughout their lives. People of the third gender would have it designated by an X on their passports.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

- Hong Kong in recession as protests slam retailers, tourism

On Thursday, the government said Hong Kong's economy shrank 3.2% in July-September from the previous quarter, pushing the city into a technical recession.

-North Korea conducts new test of ‘super-large’ rocket launcher:

South Korea’s military said Thursday that the North had launched two short-range projectiles from South Pyongan province. They each flew approximately 370 kilometres.

- Global smartphone market hits 380million units in Q3

Showing a sign of recovery, the global smartphone market saw 380 million units in shipments, as compared to 379.8 million units in Q3 2018, Counterpoint Research said on Thursday.

Samsung led the market with 21 per cent share with strong demand for its A and Note smartphone series while Huawei reached a record high with 18 per cent share.

Realme was the fastest growing brand, reaching the 7th spot globally.

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Important Current Affairs 31st October 2019

NATIONAL AFFAIR

-Delhi: Run for Unity participants brave bad air quality in capital

Thousands of participants of the 'Run for Unity' on Thursday braved bad air quality in Delhi as they made their way through a smoky haze to mark the 144th birth anniversary Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

-RK Mathur sworn-in as first L-G of Union Territory of Ladakh

RK Mathur is the first L-G of the union territory of Ladakh after the two UTs of J-K and Ladakh came into existence on midnight Wednesday following a notification by the home ministry.

-Ban on night-time construction in NCR extended till Saturday

The window of the ban, which starts from 6 pm, has also been increased to 10 am from the earlier 6 am, the Supreme Court-mandated body said on Thursday. The ban on coal-based industries, barring power plants, in Faridabad, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, Noida.

-Labour productivity falls over the last eight years

Labour productivity in India has gone down significantly over the last eight years from the average of 7.4% between 2010-11 and 2014-15 to a low of average 3.7% during fiscal year 2015-16 to 2017-18, an analysis of India Ratings and Research

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Fiat Chrysler to join forces with Peugeot to create world's fourth-largest auto firm

The boards of the two groups have mandated their respective teams to finalise discussions and reach a binding memorandum of understanding in the coming weeks, the two automakers said in a joint statement.

-Reorganisation of J&K internal affair: India slams China over Kashmir statement

We do not expect other countries, including China, to comment on the matters which are internal to India, just as India refrains from commenting on internal issues of other countries," Raveesh Kumar said. Asserting that the UT of J&K and Ladakh are integral part of India, he said India expects other countries to respect its sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Twitter bans all political advertisements

The issue suddenly arose in September when Twitter, along with Facebook and Google, refused to remove a misleading video ad from President Donald Trump’s campaign that targeted former Vice President Joe Biden

           

Facebook agrees to pay 500,000 pound fine to UK over Cambridge Analytica

The social networking giant had initially appealed the penalty. The ICO then pursued its own counter-appeal.But finally, Facebook has agreed to pay the 500,000 pound fine but has made no admission of liability in relation to the fine.

Lost World War II British submarine found sunk off the coast of Malta

The wreck of a British submarine, which vanished at the height of World War Two, has been discovered lying at the bottom of the sea off Malta, university marine archaeologists said on Thursday.

HMS Urge had been based with other submarines in Malta and had carried out several deadly missions when the British navy ordered it and rest of the flotilla to redeploy to Egypt because of a relentless German siege of the Mediterranean island.

Urge set sail on April 27, 1942, carrying a 32-strong crew, 11 other naval personnel and a journalist. However, it failed to reach Alexandria on the agreed rendezvous date of May 6 and its fate has always been a mystery - until now.

Gas canister being used to cook breakfast in Pakistan train explodes, kills at least 65

A fire swept through a Pakistani train on Thursday, killing at least 65 people and injuring nearly 40 after a gas canister that passengers were using to cook breakfast exploded, government officials said.

The fire destroyed three of the train’s carriages near the town of Rahim Yar Khan in the south of Punjab province. It was on its way from the southern city of Karachi to Rawalpindi, near the capital, with many people going to a religious conference.

SPORTS AFFAIRS

From Warne scandal to Shakib ban: The curious case of Indian bookies in international cricket

•           ICC revealed Shakib Al Hasan exchanged WhatsApp messages with an Inidan bookie

•           ICC ACU chief Alex Marshall had said Indian bookies operate across the globe

•           The likes of Mohammad Ashraful and Hanse Cronje landed in trouble after contact with Indian bookies. Fiat Chrysler (FCA) and PSA said they aimed to reach a binding deal to create a $50 billion company domiciled in the Netherlands, with listings in Paris, Milan and New York and with PSA's Carlos Tavares as CEO and FCA's John Elkann as chairman.

           

-Glenn Maxwell announces break from cricket in the middle of Sri Lanka series

In a surprising move Australian all-rounder Glenn Maxwell decided to go on an indefinite from cricket in the middle of the T20I series against Sri Lanka. Maxwell is believed to have taken the decision to deal with his mental health issues.

Oman, Scotland grab last two places at T20 World Cup

Oman and Scotland join Namibia, Netherlands, Papua New Guinea and Ireland, who had already booked their places in the 2020 showpiece but are still competing for the winner’s trophy in UAE.

IMPORTANT DAYS

-Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day is observed on 31 October every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhai Patel. He had played an important role in unifying the country.

IMPORTANT DATES

31 Oct, 1984 - India Gandhi

1984 : Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was gunned down outside of her home by Sikh extremists.  

31 Oct, 1921 - U.S.A. Forests

1921 : Latest figures released by the federal government show that forests in the United States cover 463 million acres. Current Forestry is 745 million acres.

31 Oct, 1931 - U.S.A. Gold Standard

1931 : Following the announcement that Great Britain had decided to abandon the Gold Standard in mid-September a mini panic occurred when people were worried their money was not safe in local banks, the panic caused people to draw savings from the banks which in turn placed more pressure on the banks than the 1929 stock market crash had already, because of this by 31st October 827 banks were forced to close.

31 Oct, 1941 - U.S.A. Mount Rushmore

1941 : The Mt. Rushmore sculpture is completed after Gutzon Borglum and 400 stone masons sculpt the colossal 60-foot carvings of U.S. presidents, The project had started on October 4th, 1927 to represent the first 150 years of American history.

George Washington 1732–1799

Thomas Jefferson 1743–1826

Abraham Lincoln 1809–1865

Theodore Roosevelt 1858–1919

31 Oct, 1956 - Egypt Suez Canal Crisis

1956 : Following Egypt's decision to nationalize the Suez Canal Britain and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.

31 Oct, 1964 - Germany Berlin Wall

1964 : The Berlin wall was opened up for the second time yesterday for West Germans to visit relatives in East Germany and by nightfall 20,000 had passed through the communist controls. The visits are only allowed one way from west to east due to concerns of the East German Government that it's subjects would not return.

31 Oct, 2008 - China Melamine In Food

2008 : State Media in China has reported the toxic chemical melamine is probably being routinely added to Chinese animal feed, melamine has now been found in contaminated milk and eggs. Melamine is used to reduce production costs while maintaining the protein count for quality inspections.

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