Current Affairs

GK and Current Affairs Updates

Select Date
Tags:
Hindi

Important Current Affairs 7th October 2019

NATIONAL:

The 50th IFFI to be held in Goa from 20th to 28th November

• The 50th International Film Festival of India (IFFI) has been scheduled to be held from 20th November to -28 November 2019 in Goa. Over 250 films from various countries are to be screened at the premiere movie festival. Nearly, 12 films that were made in different languages about 50 years ago will also be screened at the golden jubilee festival of IFFI. Russia will partner India at the IFFI film festival.

• International Film Festival of India (IFFI):

IFFI was founded in 1952. It is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia. IFFI is being organized in Goa since 2004 under the leadership of the Chief Minister of Goa. From the 35th edition, the International Film Festival of India became globally competitive.

Supreme Court bars Maharashtra govt from cutting more trees in Aarey

• Supreme Court (SC) ordered the Maharashtra government to not cut more trees in the Aarey area. The Bombay High Court allowed the state government to go ahead with the felling of trees, following which the state had swiftly moved to cut the green cover to make way for a shed for the upcoming metro project in the city.

• The state government has promised to implement the SC order.

The Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation (MMRC) planned to cut some 2600 trees for the proposed infrastructure. The SC order is a win for the environmentalists, activists and members of the Hindi film fraternity who were opposed to the axing of the green cover.

• Several politicians had also extended their support to the activists protesting against the feeling of trees in Aarey.

Exercise Nomadic Elephant XIV commenced on 6th October in Bakloh

• The Exercise Nomadic Elephant XIV, 14th edition of Indo–Mongolian joint military training has commenced from 6 October 2019. The exercise is conducted over a period of 14 days from 6 October to 18 October 2019 at Bakloh, Himachal Pradesh.

Aim:

Nomadic Elephant-XIV aims to train troops in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations under the United Nations mandate. It aims to enhance defence co-operation and military relations between the two countries.

Drills:

♦ The exercise will provide a platform to share the experiences and best practices of the two countries and gain mutually during the joint training.

♦ It aims to evolve various tactical drills in counter-terror environment like Convoy Protection Drill, Room Intervention Drills, Ambush/ Counter Ambush Drills.

India and Bangladesh signed MoU to set up coastal surveillance

• India and Bangladesh have signed an MOU to set up a coastal surveillance system radar in Bangladesh on 5 October. Delhi will enable the setting up the surveillance. The countries have decided to further expand connectivity network corridors to boost Delhi's Indo-Pacific strategy with Dhaka emerging as a key pillar in that vision.

MoUs:

Including this, India and Bangladesh signed MoUs to strengthen ties: The MoUs include:

♦ MOU to provide a Coastal Surveillance System

♦ Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) on the use of Chattogram and Mongla Ports for Movement of goods to and from India

♦ Withdrawal of 1.82 cusecs of water from Feni River by India for drinking water supply scheme for Sabroom town, Tripura

♦ Agreement concerning Implementation of the Lines of Credit (LoCs) committed by India to Bangladesh

♦ Between the University of Hyderabad and the University of Dhaka for the renewal of Cultural Exchange Programme

♦ Co-operation in Youth Affairs

INTERNATIONAL:

Trade opportunities between the US and India are historic

• The governor of Arkansas state Asa Hutchinson in the US said that the trade opportunities between the US and India are historic although there is a re-examining of trading relationships based on a look at new trading rules.

• Because of the national leaders who foster trade and investment between India and the United States the trade opportunities are very high.

• Hutchinson:

Asa Hutchinson is one of 5 governors of New Jersey, Colorado, Delaware, and Indiana apart from Arkansas. He has been scheduled to visit India over the next few months to enhance economic ties with the country.

AWARDS AND ACHIEVEMENTS:

Nobel Prize for Medicine awarded to William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of US, Peter Ratcliffe of Britain

• Three researchers from the US and Britain on Monday shared the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, paving the way for new cancer treatments.

William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe split the nine million Swedish kronor ($914,000, 833,000 euros) award.

• They established the basis for our understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological function,

• The trio identified molecular machinery that regulates the activity of genes in response to varying levels of oxygen, which is central to a large number of diseases.

• The intense ongoing efforts in academic laboratories and pharmaceutical companies are now focused on developing drugs that can interfere with different disease states by either activating, or blocking, the oxygen-sensing machinery.

DAYS:

World Habitat Day is observed on 7 October

• World Habitat Day is observed on 7 October 2019 every year. The day aims to reflect on the state of the towns and cities and the basic right of all to adequate shelter. It also aims to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat.

• Theme:

The theme for 2019 is Frontier Technologies as an innovative tool to transform waste into wealth. The theme promotes the contribution of innovative frontier technologies to sustainable waste management to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 11 (SDG-11).

• SDG-11 includes safe, resilient and sustainable cities. The theme also includes solid waste, all waste produced by human activities that cause a huge impact on climate change, public health and the environment.

Wildlife Week is celebrated from 2nd to 8th October

• Wildlife Week is celebrated in India in the month of October from 2nd to 8th October every year. The week is celebrated with the view to preserve the fauna means the animal life of India.

• This week, the government has launched varieties of sanctuaries and national parks have been already launched in the appropriate localities all across the country.

• Aim:

The week aims to make people more aware of the conservation and protection of wildlife. It will focus the people’s attention on the importance of conservation of wildlife. It aims to implement more services to preserve wildlife. It will also discuss all the issues related to the preservation of wildlife.

• History:

Wildlife Week was first started in the year 1952. The week was initiated with a great vision of saving the life of the Indian animals by taking some critical steps. The week has been initiated planning to save animal extinction of any species of India. The Indian Government has established an Indian Board of Wild Life to improve awareness as well as the consciousness of the Indian people towards wildlife preservation.

SPORTS:

Novak Djokovic won Japan Open 2019 title

• Novak Djokovic, World No.1, won the 2019 Japan Open title on 6 October. He defeated the Australian qualifier John Millman to win the title. Djokovic secured 6-3, 6-2 and marked his 10th win in a tournament main draw debut in his celebrated career.

It was his first competition after pulling out of the US Open due to a left shoulder injury.

Result:

Singles: Serbia Novak Djokovic

Doubles: France Nicolas Mahut / Edouard Roger-Vasselin

• 2019 Japan Open Tennis Championships:

Date: 30 September–6 October

Edition: 46th

Location: Tokyo, Japan

The 2019 Japan open is a part of the ATP Tour 500 series of the 2019 ATP Tour. The men's tennis tournament is played on outdoor hard courts.

Surender Singh won gold in 2019 World Powerlifting Championship

• Surender Singh of India won gold in 110 kg category, Classic Raw and the Best Lifter Award in Classic Raw and Single Ply at the 2019 World Powerlifting Championship in Berlin, Germany. He created three world records at the event.

• Also, 3-time World Champion Mukesh Singh won gold only to be known as 4-time World Champion. On the first day of the championship, Indian players bagged a total of 4 gold and 1 silver medal.

Naomi Osaka won the 2019 China Open title

• Japanese Tennis player Naomi Osaka won the 2019 China Open title. She defeated world number one Ashleigh Barty to win her second Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Tour 2019 title.

Result:

Men's Singles: Dominic Thiem, Austria

Women's Singles: Naomi Osaka, Japan

Men's Doubles: Ivan Dodig / Slovakia Filip Polášek, Croatia

Women's Doubles: Sofia Kenin / United States Bethanie Mattek-Sands, the United States.

Read More
Read Less

Important Current Affairs 6th October 2019

INTERNATIONAL:

Scotland becomes the first country in the UK to ban the smacking of children.

• Scotland has become the first part of the United Kingdom to ban the smacking of children. The country introduced a law that makes smacking the children a criminal offence for parents and carers to use physical punishment against a child.

Aim:

The law change is aimed to give children the same protection from assault as adults. This law has brought Scotland into line with United Nations recommendations. Currently, the parents and the carers are allowed to use reasonable physical force in order to discipline children.

India and Bangladesh signed 7 projects.

•  Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina met Prime Minister Narendra Modi for bilateral talks on 6 October. The two leaders jointly inaugurated 3 projects to strengthen ties in diverse areas including defence and security, trade and connectivity.

Discussion:

The two countries signed 7 pacts in core areas namely transport, connectivity, capacity building and culture. Three projects involving the import of LPG from Bangladesh were also launched during the meeting. The leaders also discussed the issue of implementation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam.

APPOINTMENTS AND RESIGNATIONS:

UNESCO appointed Yalitza Aparicio as ambassador for indigenous peoples.

• The United Nations’ cultural agency, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), has appointed Mexican actress Yalitza Aparicio as its goodwill ambassador for indigenous peoples. She will be helping the UNESCO’s work among the indigenous peoples across the world by preserving their cultural heritage and environment knowledge and fighting for equal access to education.

Yalitza Aparicio:

Yalitza Aparicio made history as the first indigenous performer nominated for a best actress honor at the Academy Awards 2019 for her performance in the film Roma. In the film she spoke in an indigenous language and in Spanish.

The 25-year-old actress was born in the poor Mexican state of Oaxaca. She set her commitment to fight racism and advocate for gender equality and indigenous rights.

Read More
Read Less

Important Current Affairs 5th October 2019

APPOINTMENTS AND RESIGNATIONS:

Justice Vinod Kumar Sharma appointed as new Punjab Lokpal.

• Justice Vinod Kumar Sharma has been appointed as new Punjab Lokpal. The State government, however, failed to amend the Punjab Lokpal Act, 1996, hence leaving the Chief Minister and the Cabinet ministers out of its ambit. The post was lying vacant since 23 April 2018, after Justice Satish Kumar Mittal (retd) had resigned. The lokpal will hold the office for a tenure of six years. Justice Sharma had served as Punjab and Haryana high court judge.

ECI appoints 2 Special Observers for Telangana and Sikkim elections.

• Election commission of India (ECI) has appointed 2 Special Observers for Telangana and Sikkim elections. ECI appointed Mr. B. R. Balakrishnan (ex IRS 1983) and a serving Indian Revenue Service officer, Mr. Suresh Kumar (IRS 1988) as Special Expenditure Observers for the Bye-Elections. The appointments are in the exercise of the powers conferred on ECI under Article 324 of the Constitution and Section 20B of The Representation of the People Act 1951.

Roles of special observer:

The Special Observers will supervise and monitor all the works that are carried by the electoral machinery.

The observers will also ensure that necessary and effective enforcement action are taken based on intelligence inputs and complaints received. The common people can submit their complaints through C-VIGIL, Voter Helpline 1950 against all persons/entities who try to induce voters by distributing cash, liquor & freebies etc. in order to vitiate the poll process.

DAYS:

World Space Week is observed from 4 to 10 October.

•  World Space Week is observed from 4 October to 10 October 2019. It is the largest space event on Earth.

Theme:

The 2019 theme for the week is The Moon: Gateway to the Stars. The week showcases some of the creative, innovative and popular events that brought people together to celebrate space.

History:

The World Space Week was declared by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on 6 December 1999. It passed the resolution and declared that the week will be observed each year from 4-10 October. The week celebrates science and technology and their contribution to the betterment of the human condition.

These days commemorate the following two events:

♦ On 4 October 1957, Sputnik 1, the first human-made Earth satellite was launched. The way for space exploration was thus started.

♦ On 10 October 1967, the signing of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activites of States in the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies was held.

SPORTS:

Niklas Kaul became the youngest world decathlon champion.

• Niklas Kaul set a record by becoming the youngest world decathlon champion in history at the World Athletics Championships 2019 held at Doha, Qatar. Kaul progressed steadily through the field after each of the 10 events.

He started off in 20th place after the 100m, ending the first day in 11th place and then breaking into the top three following a monster 79.05m throw in the javelin. A secured a high 4:15.70 run in the 1500m and sealed the record. Kaul won with a score of 8691. This is his third personal best of the season.

Read More
Read Less

Important Current Affairs 4th October 2019

NATIONAL:

India Economic Summit was held in New Delhi.

• The India Economic Summit of the World Economic Forum (WEF) was held in New Delhi on 4 October 2019. The Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina and Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Railways, Piyush Goyal were present in the summit.

Summit highlights:

During the summit, two Government to Business (G2B) MoUs were signed between Startup Bangladesh and Tech Mahindra and Bangladesh Economic Zones Authority and Adani Ports and SEZs. Over the last decade, bilateral trade between India and Bangladesh has grown steadily over the last decade. India's exports to Bangladesh for the financial year 2018-19 (April-March) stood at $9.21 billion and imports from Bangladesh for the same period stood at $1.22 billion.

APPOINTMENTS AND RESIGNATIONS:

Amrit Lugun is appointed as the next Ambassador of India to Greece.

The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) has appointed Amrit Lugun as the next Ambassador of India to Greece. Lugun will be taking up the assignment shortly. Amrit Lugun is a 1989-batch Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer. Previously Lugun served as the country's ambassador to Sudan and Yemen respectively.

Greece: President: Prokopis Pavlopoulos Prime Minister: Kyriakos Mitsotakis Capital: Athens Currency: Euro (€) (EUR) Official and national language: Greek.

AWARDS:

Shanti Raghavan, Dipesh Sutariya won Social Entrepreneur of theYear Award.

Shanti Raghavan and Dipesh Sutariya of EnAble India awarded the 10th Social Entrepreneur of the Year Award, 2019, for building an ecosystem of skilling, employment, and entrepreneurship for persons with disabilities (PwDs).

EnAble India changed the mindset of 729 business houses and built frameworks of inclusion in universities and government agencies, thus creating a robust business case for employing PwDs in formal and informal sectors across India.

The non-profit organization is bringing changes to the lives of PwDs through technology innovations, breakthroughs in skill trainings, new workplace solutions and behavioural change tools.

Over the past 20 years, Raghavan, Sutariya and their teams have transformed the lives of 220,000 individuals with disabilities and their families, community leaders, and employers across all the states.

All EnAble India trainees work across a wide spectrum of 14 disabilities, perform at par and receive salaries at par with their non-disabled peers. The organization aims to transform one million PwDs as confident taxpayers, active citizens, and nation-builders over the next three years through partnerships with 200 non-profit organizations.The PwDs leads to 5-7% loss in India’s GDP. It starts with when the parent, who first thought that their child .

Jubilant Bhartia Foundation

Jubilant Bhartia Foundation, established in 2007, is the not-for-profit organization of the Jubilant Bhartia Group. It focuses on conceptualizing and implementing the corporate social responsibility initiatives for the group. The Jubilant Bhartia Foundation’s activities include various community development works, healthcare programmes, cultural and sports events, an environmental preservation initiative, vocational training, women empowerment and educational activities.

SPORTS:

Katarina Johnson won Heptathlon gold at the World Championships.

Katarina Johnson-Thompson won Heptathlon gold at the World Championships 2019 in Doha, Qatar. She won with a British record of 6,981 points. She defeated 2017 champion Nafissatou Thiam by 304 points. Austria's Verena Preiner took third.

2019 World Athletics Championships:

Edition: 17th

Venue: Khalifa International Stadium, Doha, Qatar

Dates: 27 September-6 October

Events: 49 (24 men, 24 women, 1 mixed)

Organized by: IAAF, Qatar Athletics Federation

Individual prize money (US$): 60,000 (gold), 30,000 (silver), 20,000 (bronze)

Team prize money (US$): 80,000 (relay gold), 40,000 (silver), 20,000 (bronze)

Read More
Read Less

Important Current Affairs 3rd October 2019

NATIONAL:

India gets its first Floating Basketball Court.

• India got its first-ever Floating Basketball Court in the Arabian Sea near Bandra Worli Sealink. It was installed by the National Basketball Association on 2 October.

NBA India Games 2019:

On 20 December 2018, NBA India had announced that the first-ever NBA game would be organized in the country in October in Mumbai. The NBA India Games 2019 has been prepared to feature the Sacramento Kings and Indiana Pacers, who will play two pre-season games on October 4 and 5 at the Dome, NSCI, SVP Stadium.

National Basketball Association:

Founded on: June 6, 1946

Countries: United States (29 teams), Canada (1 team)

Headquarters: New York City

Champion(s): Toronto Raptors

AGREEMENTS AND MOU’s:

India and USA to launch new initiative for clean energy.

• India and America will launch a new initiative for clean energy to fuel economic growth in the strategically-important Indo-Pacific region where China has been trying to expand its sphere of influence.

The US has been pushing for a broader role by India in the Indo-Pacific region in the backdrop of China's rising military maneuvering in the region.

China trying to expand its military presence in the biogeographic region, comprising the Indian Ocean and the western and central Pacific Ocean, including the South China Sea.

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) partners from US department of energy and the US agency for international development. India’s ministry of power will host, along with the ministry of new and renewable energy, the Indian Central Electricity Regulatory Commission, and the Indian Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board. Together they will strengthen India’s energy security by jointly working toward a national power system for India that is stable, reliable, and affordable.

APPOINTMENTS AND RESIGNATIONS:

OIL India appointed Sushil Chandra Mishr as MD and CEO.

• Oil India Limited appointed Sushil Chandra Mishra as the new Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company.

He will replace Utpal Bora. Mr. Bora ceased to be Chairman & Managing Director of the company on 30th September.

Sushil Chandra Mishra:

Mishra started his career as an executive trainee with OIL in 1984. He developed deep expertise in commercial matters and played a key role in framing and implementing procurement policies and procedures for inventory management, vendor development, framework agreement and its related strategies.

He acquired significant Board level exposure at corporate office at the time of launch of OIL's IPO in 2009. He also developed the Strategic Plan 2020.

DAYS:

Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot flags off Walkthan for Senior Citizens to mark International Day of Older Persons.

• Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment flagged off a Walkthan for older persons and senior citizens to mark the International Day of Older Persons at Commonwealth Games Village Stadium, near Akshardham Mandir.

It is organised by the National Institute of Social Defence (NISD) under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment in collaboration with Confederation of Senior Citizens Association of Delhi. Smt. Neelam Sawhney, Secretary, M/o SJ&E, Shri J.R. Gupta, Chairperson of the Confederation and many dignitaries were present. Senior citizens in a large number from all parts of Delhi took part in the Walkthan.

The event consisted of Police Band performance, Cultural and musical programmes by Senior citizens and Yoga & fitness session with Police Band.

Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is committed to the overall welfare of older persons and senior citizens. The new programmes and schemes for the welfare of senior citizens. The Ministry felicitates senior citizens and older persons by conferring ‘Vayoshreshtha Samman’ every year on the eminent senior citizens and institutions in many categories in recognition of their services towards the cause of the elderly persons.

Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana

Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana under which physical aids and assistive living devices namely wheel chairs, hearing aids, spectacles, support stickset care distributed to the older persons of below poverty line category. He said that so far 1 lakh 13 thousand Vayoshri camps had been organised where physical aids and assistive device worth Rs. 68 crore have been provided to senior citizens. This scheme has been initiated in 250 districts of the country. He urged the people especially the young generation to accord due respect to older persons.

The International Day of Older Persons, every year since 2005 the mass awareness event Walkthan is being organised by NISD. The event has a great value for awareness about welfare of Senior Citizens and giving a life of dignity to elderly persons. Showcasing of various positive physical activities were done like a RUN, slogan March, Yoga and fitness session. This mega event became colorful with the participation of various organizations from Delhi & NCR.  

Read More
Read Less

Important Current Affairs 2nd October 2019

NATIONAL:

Government launched the DIN system of CBDT.

• Ministry of Finance has launched the Documentation Identification Number (DIN) system of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) on 1 October 2019. On the day of launching, about 17,500 communications with DIN were generated. DIN system has been created as per the direction of Finance Minister Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman. The introduction of DIN will make every CBDT communication to have a documentation identification number.

Aim:

The DIN system is expected to ensure greater accountability and transparency in tax administration.

Provisions of DIN:

♦ Any communication from the Income Tax (IT) Department without a computer-generated DIN, including notice, letter, order and summon or any other correspondence, would be invalid.

♦ All communications with DIN will be verified on the e-filing portal

♦ No communication would be issued manually without DIN except only if it is in the specified exceptional circumstances.

♦ Any communication issued manually under exceptional circumstances should be uploaded and regularised on the system portal within 15 days of its issuance.

Paryatan Parv 2019 launched.

•  Center has launched the nationwide Paryatan Parv 2019 on 2 October. It was inaugurated by the Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas and  Minister of Steel, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan in New Delhi.

Organized by:

Paryatan Parv 2019 was organized by the Ministry of Tourism.

Aim:

Paryatan Parv aims to propagate the message of Dekho Apna Desh with the objective to encourage Indians to visit various tourist destinations of the country. It also spread the message of Tourism for All.

Paryatan Parv 2019:

Paryatan Parv 2019 will be held from 2nd to 13th October 2019 across the country.

Paryatan Parv 2019 is dedicated to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Paryatan Parv is being organized with the objective of drawing focus on the benefits of tourism, showcasing the cultural diversity of the country.

It also reinforces the principle of Tourism for All.

The three components of Paryatan Parv, are:

♦ Dekho Apna Desh - To encourage Indians to visit their own country.

♦ Tourism for All - Tourism Events at sites across all States in the country are being organized.

♦ Tourism & Governance - Interactive Sessions & Workshops with Stakeholders on varied themes.

Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated on 2 October.

•  Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated on 2 October in India. The Day marks the to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The celebrations in the year 2019 mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The day is celebrated every year. His birth anniversary is observed as the International Day of Nonviolence.

Mahatma Gandhi:

M.K. Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869. He was known for his non-violence protest during the British rule. He was a leading figure of freedom movements whether in India or South Africa. India got freedom from colonial rule with his efforts.

Major events in the freedom struggle:

♦ In 1906-07, Satyagraha in South Africa

♦ In 1910, Satyagraha against emigration and restriction in Natal

♦ In 1917, Champaran Satyagraha

♦ In 1917-1918, Kheda Satyagraha

♦ In 1919, Khilafat Movement

♦ In 1920, Non-Cooperation Movement

♦ In 1930, Civil-Disobedience Movement

♦ In 1942, Quit India Movement

The above major movements that were led by Mahatma Gandhi helped India in attaining freedom from the British rule.  Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, on 30 January 1948.

International Day of Non Violence is observed on 2 October.

•  International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October. The day is observed on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. He is the leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence. The day aims to disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness.

The principle of non-violence rejects the use of physical violence in order to achieve social or political change.

History:

On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution to declare 2nd October as International Day of Non-Violence. The resolution reaffirmed the universal relevance of the principle of non-violence. It desires to secure a culture of peace, tolerance, understanding, and non-violence.

Read More
Read Less

Important Current Affairs 1st October 2019

INTERNATIONAL:

World first satellite launch by Soviet led US to create NASA.

• The Soviet Union launched the world's first artificial satellite Sputnik I on October 1957. The US-Soviet Cold War, Sputnik's launch directly led to the foundation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

The Weight of the Sputnik is 83.6 kg, the 58-cm-wide satellite transmitted signals for 21 days before losing speed and burning up in the atmosphere in 92 days.

History of Soviet Union

The history of Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union reflects a period of change for both Russia and the world. The terms Soviet Russia and Soviet Union often are synonymous in everyday speech, The foundations of the Soviet Union, Soviet Russia properly refers to the few years between the October Revolution of 1917 and the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922.

NASA

Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States

Founder: Dwight D. Eisenhower

Founded: 29 July 1958, United States

Administered by: Jim Bridenstine

AGREEMENTS AND MOU’s:

Indian Army and Bank of Baroda signed MOU.

Indian Army and Bank of Baroda entered a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). 

This MoU lays down the basis on which banking services would be provided by Bank of Baroda to serving and retired personnel of the Indian Army. 

The ceremony chaired by Lieutenant General Ashwani Kumar, Adjutant General.  The MoU was signed by Lt Gen Harsha Gupta, Director General (Manpower and Personnel Services) and Shri VS Khichi, Executive Director, Bank of Baroda in presence of Shri PS Jayakumar, Managing Director, Bank of Baroda.

Features of the MOU

The MoU includes Free Personal Accident Insurance (Death & Permanent Total Disability) cover of Rs 30 lakhs, The free air accident insurance (AAI) cover of Rs 15 lakhs to Rs 50 lakhs and overdraft facility upto three times of monthly net salary. The features are also applicable for pensioners of Indian army upto the age of 70 yrs.

The Bank of Baroda is the 2nd largest Public Sector bank with extensive national and international presence having 9500+ domestic branches and presence in 24 countries.  The bank has assured a new and customized banking experience for serving and retired personnel of the Indian Army.

Bank of Baroda

Headquarters: Alkapuri, Vadodara

CEO: P. S. Jayakumar

DAYS:

International coffee day is celebrated on 1 October.

• The International coffee day is celebrated on 1 October every year. An estimation says around 3 billion cups of coffee are consumed every day. The diverse mix of global celebrations that take place on International Coffee Day truly showcases coffee as one of the world’s most loved beverages.

Aim:

The day is observed to recognize the millions of people across the globe, from farmers to roasters, baristas, coffee shop owners and more, who work hard to create and serve Coffee. It also aims to promote and celebrate coffee as a beverage, with events now occurring in places across the world.

History:

The International Coffee Organization has agreed to institute the date on 1 October 2015 at a meeting held on 3-7 March 2014. The day was launched in Milan as part of Expo 2015.

Awards:

Sanjay Kapoor awarded Most Inspiring Indian Bollywood Actor in UK.

• Sanjay Kapoor appointed for most of the inspiring Indian Bollywood Actor in UK. The actor has been a part of some of the best films in the past. The actor has been recognised for all the performances he has put together, and in fact, he is also relatively popular. The actor also received an award for his performance.

He has received an award at the House of Common Parliament of the United Kingdom, for being the Most Inspiring Indian Bollywood Actor.

Dil Sambhal Ja Zara to the web series and my recent Bollywood release Mission Mangal. The web series has recently been nominated at the Emmys which feels great. It is a 30 minutes video which is being present.

Read More
Read Less

Important Current Affairs 29th September 2019

NATIONAL:

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh commissions indigenously built submarine INS Khanderi

• Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh made concerted efforts to modernize the Navy and equip it with the best platforms, weapons, and sensors to deal with any conventional and unconventional threats to India’s maritime interests.  The launch of INS Nilgiri the first of the Navy's seven new stealth frigates, at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited in Mumbai.

• Around 70% of India’s trade by value and 95% by volume is taking place through the sea route and even a slight disruption of seaborne trade due to piracy, terrorism or conflict could have serious repercussions on the economic growth and well-being of the nation.

Pilot Project for ushering in Industry 4.0 in the country is launched

• A Pilot Project for ushering in the Industry 4.0 in the country, is launched for implementation at the Modern Coach Factory (MCF), Raebareli.

• The Ministry of Railways and Department of Science & Technology have joined hands in partnership with IIT Kanpur for taking up a unique project on Industry 4.0 launching a Pilot Project for implementation at Modern Coach Factory, Raebareli.

• The launch ceremony exchange of Ideas between Railway Board (Member Rolling Stock), Shri Rajesh Agrawal, Secretary Department of Science & Technology Shri Ashutosh Sharma, Professor N.S.Vyas of IIT Kanpur, DG RDSO Shri Virendra Kumar, General Manager MCF Shri V.M. Srivatsava some other senior Officials of the Railway Board and the Ministry of HRD.

• The department recently launched a new programme “Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical Systems (ICPS)” to foster and promote R&D in this emerging field of research.

AP government cancels Bauxite mining in Visakhapatnam

• Andhra Pradesh government collecting a ‘green tax’ besides imposing a ban on single-use plastic. The bauxite mining lease in about 1,520 hectares in Jarella of Chintapalli agency area in Visakhapatnam district, given to the Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC) for a period of 30 years.

• The growing pollution levels and its impact, chief minister Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy. Around one lakh tonnes of waste is being generated from pharma companies.

• The department officials to prepare a proposal within one month to promote the protection of the environment and prevention of pollution, and also asked them to study and observe various steps taken by other countries in preserving the environment. The pollution levels in Visakhapatnam are very high. It should be prevented immediately if not there will be severe consequences.

• The AP stands in first position in the country in exporting huge amount of sea products. The current pollution control board should be purified. At the same time industries should not be affected

INTERNATIONAL:

Astronomers 13-Billion-Year-Old Protocluster Galaxy Discovered

• Astronomers have discovered a 13-billion-year-old galaxy cluster that is the earliest ever observed.The early-stage cluster called a protocluster is not easy to find Yuichi Harikane, a researcher at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan who led the international team.

• A protocluster is a rare and special system with an extremely high density.The researchers used the wide viewing field of the Subaru telescope in Hawaii to map a large area of the sky in their search.

The discovery of the protocluster, a collection of 12 galaxies, suggests that large cosmic structures were present in the very early stages of the universe which scientists believe was born 13.8 billion years ago.

• The 12 galaxies is known as Himiko, a giant gas cloud found in 2009 by using the same telescope.It is reasonable to find a protocluster near a massive object such as Himiko.

Nepal Central Bank releases 3 coins to mark Guru Nanak Dev's birth anniversary

• The Central Bank of Nepal released three coins to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sikh Guru Nanak Dev. The coins with denomination of NPR (Nepali Rupees) 100, 1000 and 2500 were jointly launched by Governor of Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) Chiranjibi Nepal and Indian Ambassador to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri at Hotel Aloft in Kathmandu .

• The coins possess monetary value and its sale will start from September 30, the NRB said. "Proud to be a Sikh today. Proud to be a follower of Guru Nanak Dev. Sikhs residing in every part of the world that too in large numbers.

• On the occasion, both dignitaries launched a book showcasing the Sikh heritage in Nepal. It has been published by BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation in co-ordination with Embassy of India in Nepal.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMY:

FM Reviews Capital Expenditure and Payments of Maharatnas and Navratnas CPSE's

• Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman to review their capital expenditure till date and plans for the next two quarters of this financial year.

• This meeting was held as part of the series of meetings that the Finance Minister has been having with various stakeholders and the measures that have been taken to accelerate the economic growth rate.

• The Meeting was attended by Finance Secretary  Shri Rajeev Kumar , Secretary DEA Shri Atanu Chakraborty & Secretary Expenditure Shri GC Murmu & Heads /Representatives  of 32 CPSEs .

• The combined capital expenditure by the Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) and Departmental Undertakings (DUs) such as the NHAI and the Indian Railways contribute in substantial measure to fixed assets creation in the economy.

Read More
Read Less

Important Current Affairs 28th September 2019

AGREEMENTS AND MOU'S:

India and Thailand sign trade agreements for Rs 2,400 crore.

• Thailand and India have signed agreements for Rs 2,400 crores

Aim: To boost trade ties between the two countries

The pacts were across segments including rubber, construction material, food and beverages, logistics. The breakup of the agreements, Laksana Visit on his first visit to India said the agreements signed in Mumbai total 4.45 billion Thai baht (about Rs 900 crore) while in Chennai, it was 7.623 billion Thai baht (about Rs 1,500 crore).

The total trade generated by this trip is 12.075 billion Thai baht.

The main objective of the visit was to strengthen strategic partnership with India, expand new business opportunities. The Indian domestic industry can meet about 40 per cent of rubber but India requires 60 per cent of the demand to import rubber.

The Indian market was growing steadily as it was not affected by the trade war which was currently on with many other countries.The officials from the Ministry of Commerce, Thailand Rubber Authority and many private sectors for their business opportunities. Thailand inviting Indian businesses to sign another memorandum of understanding in November and they would launch an initiative to launch Thai products to be available in the Indian market.

BANKS AND ECONOMICS:

India’s biggest brands HDFC Bank retains top rank for sixth time in a row.

• HDFC Bank topped the WPP-Kantar BrandZ Top 75 Most Valuable Indian Brands ranking for the sixth time in a row. BFSI brands have dominated the top 10 ranking list this year. According to the report, banking brands made up the largest share of the BrandZ Top 75 and owned 23% of the total brand value of $53.3 billion.

Life Insurance Corporation of India and State Bank of India retained their positions in the ranking at No. 2 and No. 5, respectively.

Kotak Mahindra Bank and ICICI Bank and got 5, 6th positions recently.

In 2018, HDFC Bank’s brand value grew by 5% and was evaluated to be around $22.7 billion. While the growth of the bank’s brand value has declined from 21% in 2018 to 5% in 2019, the report states that the bank seems to buck the global trend.

Brand Z Top 100 Most Valuale

The BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands study reported an 8% decline in value of the top 20 global banks.  B2B technology services, including brands like Tata Consultancy Services secured 3rd position and Infosys secured 11th position the second largest category, commanding a combined $27.8 billion in brand value. Asian Paints and Maruti Suzuki were the other brands on the top 10 list.

Jio established its larger ambitions beyond telecom, was the fastest riser in the 2019 ranking. The brand managed to solidify its place in the top 10 list at No. 9 with a 34% increase in brand value to $5.5 billion. Jio came in at No. 10 with an estimated brand value of $4.1 billion. Telecom brand Airtel retained its rank at No. 4 with a decline in brand value of 10% from $11.5 billion to $10.3 billion.

Indian unicorn brands Oyo ($2 billion), Swiggy ($1.6 billion) and Zomato ($1 billion) were newcomers to the ranking at No. 30, No. 39 and No. 61, respectively.India’s biggest brands: HDFC Bank retains top rank for sixth time in a row

The BrandZ Top 75 Most Valuable Indian Brands ranking is based on market data from Bloomberg, consumer insights from around 3.7 million consumers globally, and includes opinions from around one lakh Indian consumers on 1,000 brands in 80 categories.BFSI brands have dominated the top 10 ranking list this year. According to the report, banking brands made up the largest share of the BrandZ Top 75 and owned 23% of the total brand value of $53.3 billion.Life Insurance Corporation of India and State Bank of India retained their positions in the ranking at No. 2 and No. 5, respectively. Kotak Mahindra Bank moved up a notch, from No. 7 last year to No. 6 this year, while ICICI Bank dropped one rank and was ranked No. 10 in 2019. Together, banking and insurance brands commanded 34% of the top 75 ranking.

In 2018, HDFC Bank’s brand value grew by 5% and was evaluated to be around $22.7 billion. While the growth of the bank’s brand value has declined from 21% in 2018 to 5% in 2019, the report states that the bank seems to buck the global trend.

The BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands study reported an 8% decline in value of the top 20 global banks.  B2B technology services, including brands like Tata Consultancy Services (No. 3) and Infosys (No. 11), was the second largest category, commanding a combined $27.8 billion in brand value. Asian Paints and Maruti Suzuki were the other brands on the top 10 list.

Jio, which has established its larger ambitions beyond telecom, was the fastest riser in the 2019 ranking. The brand managed to solidify its place in the top 10 list at No. 9 with a 34% increase in brand value to $5.5 billion. Last year, Jio came in at No. 10 with an estimated brand value of $4.1 billion. Telecom brand Airtel retained its rank at No. 4 with a decline in brand value of 10% from $11.5 billion to $10.3 billion

APPOINTMENTS AND RESIGNATIONS:

England woman wicket-keeper Sarah Taylor retires from International Cricket.

• England wicket-keeper Sarah Taylor called time on her international career, a statement from the England Cricket Board.

Sarah Taylor

She made her England debut in 2006. She scored 6,553 international runs is second on England Women's all-time list of run-scorers. Taylor was also a magnetic keeper behind the stumps creating waves with her innovative methods that led her to 232 dismissals, the most in women's cricket. She previously goes on an indefinite break from cricket after the 2016 World T20 in India before returning for the 2017 World Cup.

Air Marshal B Suresh appointed Western Air Commander of Indian Air Force.

• The Indian Air Force (IAF) appointed Air Marshal B Suresh as Western Air Commander of the Force in New Delhi.

He will succeed Kargil war hero Air Marshal Raghunath Nambiar on October 31.

Suresh (PVSM, AVSM, VM, ADC) was the Air Officer Commanding in Chief (AOC-in-C) of the Indian Air Force’s Southern Air Command.

He assumed this charge from RKS Bhadauria on August 1, 2018.

Air Marshal RKS Bhadauria appointed as its new chief.

The first IAF officer to fly the Rafale fighter jet, Bhadauria was also involved in finalising the deal with France for the fighter jet.

He is also a post-graduate from Cranfield University in Shrivenham, United Kingdom.

The youngest officers to be awarded the presidential award of AVSM as a Group Captain, Suresh was awarded Vayu Sena Medal in 2001 and Param Vishisht Seva Medal in 2019.

He was appointed as the honorary Aide-de-Camp (ADC) to the President of India on 1 March 2019.

Read More
Read Less

Important Current Affairs 27th September 2019

NATIONAL:

India ranks 44 in the World digital competitiveness rankings

• According to a global report, India has ranked 44th in World digital competitiveness rankings in 2019. India stood 48th rank in the year 2019. India has made various improvement in terms of knowledge and future readiness to adopt and explore digital technologies.

Also, according to the IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2019 (WDCR), with great advancement in the technology sub-factor level, India holds the first position in telecommunications investment.

• Parameter:

The ranking list is produced by the IMD World Competitiveness Center. The rankings are based on various measures including the capacity and  preparedness to adopt and explore digital technologies as a key driver for economic transformation in business, government and wider society.

WDCR examines three factors for the evaluation of an economy. The factors namely:

♦ knowledge, the capacity to understand and learn the new technologies and

♦ technology, the competence to develop new digital innovations

♦ future-readiness, the preparedness for the coming developments.

Vikram had hard landing, NASA releases high-resolution images of Chandrayaan 2

• The United States premier space agency NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Chandrayaan-2's Vikram lander had a hard landing on the Moon's surface. While releasing high-resolution images captured by its Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) during a lunar flyby.

• The Vikram lander attempted a soft landing on a small patch of lunar highland smooth plains between Simpelius N and Manzinus C craters on September 7 contact with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).The agency verify the exact location of the spacecraft. The images captured by LROC also do not pinpoint Chandrayaan 2 Vikram lander's location but it is possible that it is hiding in shadow.

• India's first attempt at a soft landing on the Moon. The site was located about 600 kilometers from the south pole in a relatively ancient terrain.The LRO passed over the landing site on September 17 and acquired a set of high-resolution images of the area; so far the LROC team has not been able to locate or image the lander.

INTERNATIONAL:

CIAL won an international award for passenger satisfaction by ACI

• Cochin International Airport Limited (CIAL) has been selected as the best airport in the Asia-Pacific region in terms of services it offered to passengers. The airport was recognized by Airport Council International (ACI).

• The award was presented to the authorities of Cochin International Airport at the second Annual ACI Customer Experience Global Summit held at Bali, Indonesia.

• Airport Council International (ACI) conducted an annual survey in the 5-15 million passenger category in Airport Service Quality's (ASQ) and CIAL topped among them. One airport from Indonesia has also won recognition in the same category.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMY:

Amazon India to train individuals with autism

• Amazon India announced its partnership with a non-governmental organisation (NGO) - Sol's ARC .They planned to launch an industry first pilot programme to train young adults with autism and intellectual disabilities.

• This programme will enable their successful integration into the workforce and help them gain financial independence. Amazon.in will work closely with Sol's ARC to create internship opportunities for them across different parts of its fulfilment network.

• The NGO would also help create awareness among Amazon employees about autism and intellectual disabilities. More than 350 associates who are deaf with speech disabilities are part of the Amazon network across the country's fulfilment centres, sortation centres and delivery stations.

Amazon

Headquarters: Seattle, Washington, United States

CEO: Jeff Bezos

Founder: Jeff Bezos

AWARDS AND RECOGNITION:

Infosys won the United Nations Global Climate Action Award

• Infosys won the prestigious United Nations Global Climate Action Award in the Climate Neutral Now category. Infosys, a global leader in next-generation digital services and consulting, is the only corporate from India to earn the award. The award recognized the company's efforts to combat climate change. The award will be presented to Infosys at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP25) which has been scheduled to be held on December 2019 in Santiago, Chile.

Organized by:

The UN Global Climate Action Award is organized by the Momentum for Change initiative of the UN Climate Change Secretariat.

The winners were selected based on innovative solutions that address climate change and help drive progress on many other sustainable development goals, such as poverty alleviation, gender equality, and economic opportunity.

DAYS:

World Maritime Day was observed on 27 September

• World Maritime Day was observed on 27 September every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the importance of shipping safety, maritime security and the marine environment.

Theme:

The theme for the 2019 World Maritime Day is Empowering women in the maritime community. The theme aims to raise awareness of the importance of gender equality. The theme is in line with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The theme also highlights the important contribution of women within the maritime sector.

World Tourism Day is observed on 27 September

• World Tourism Day is observed on 27 September every year. For the first time, India is hosting the World Tourism Day. The Day aims to raise awareness about the role of tourism around the world. It also ensures to promote social, cultural, political and economic values.

Theme:

The theme for the 2019 World Tourism Day is Tourism and Jobs: a better future for all.

The theme focuses on:

♦ The need for fresh policies to maximize the potential of tourism. It is expected that new policies can create more and better jobs, especially for youth and women.

♦ To create jobs in tourism as it is required to reflect and incorporate ongoing advances in technology. Tourism is generating 10% of world jobs.

SPORTS:

Deepak Punia reached first rank in Wrestling Ranking

• World Championship silver medallist wrestler Deepak Punia jumped to world number one position in 6kg. He lost the top rank in the 65kg category in the latest rankings issued by the international federation (UWW).

• He settled for a silver after an ankle injury forced him to pull out of the final against Iranian great Hasan Yazdani. The 20-year-old now has 82 points, four more than World Champion Yazdani.

• Deepak won a silver Yasar Dogu and bronze medals at Asian Championship and at Sassari tournaments. He has been rewarded for his consistent show.

Read More
Read Less